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Learn how smoking cause chest pain
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Persistent irritation of bronchial mucosal

Hypersecretion of bronchial mucous gland

1. Hypertrophy of the mucous gland
2. Increased number of goblet cells

Increase in mucous production

Airway obstruction by mucous

Ventilation perfusion mismatch

Reduced in arterial oxygen saturation


Increase in anaerobic respiration

Increase in lactic acid and other metabolites (bradykinin etc)

Stimulate pain receptor

Move to the brain via sympathetic afferent

Primary sensory cortex

Chest pain

Smoking robs your productive years as well as your health. Stop now and enjoy a healthy lifestyle. Channel and invest your money into something more beneficial. Stop smoking and make yourself healthier and richer than before. Remember your loved ones and that your life is more precious than a million dollars and money can't buy life.

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